Broadly defined, the causes of soil contamination can be grouped into two main categories: human activity and by the natural forces. The big shift to industrialized economies paired with human movement contributed to the degradation of usable and fertile land.
Natural occurrences on the other hand, altered the current terrain through excessive rain, flood or erosion. As a response to the soil contamination, cleanup methods have been developed at the municipal, state and even federal government levels.
Specifically, the soil remediation process follows the steps of assess, identify, choose – this procedure subsequently determines the appropriate soil remediation technologies to use.The Underground Storage Tank Removal process can also be used for soil remediation technique so that our lands can be safe from the contamination.
The Assessment Stage: What Went Wrong?
Every soil remediation procedure begins initially with site assessment or the step by which the following three important aspects of the problem are identified:
Scope of soil contamination – the extent of the damage in terms of land area or depth of surface penetration are determined to allocate the remediation resources available and to manage the time and soil remediation costs needed to complete the project.
Characteristics of Pollutants – technical information is likewise gathered on the types, quantity, concentration and combination of toxic chemicals or pollutants present in the terrain.
Characteristics of the site involved – the specific type and usage intended for the land determines what facilities are feasible either for personal and human habitation or for commercial purposes.